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NEW QUESTION 32
ANTA Logistics is looking for a place to build a new, integrated cold chain facility, "Chill Hub", to its customers. Which of the following need to be considered when selecting the location of the new facility? Select TWO that apply.
- A. Availability of product coding system
- B. Volume of obsolescent stock
- C. Ease of objective forecasting on inventory level
- D. Availability of the building
- E. Accessibility to roads and highways
There are many different factors that must be considered when assessing warehouse and stock locations:
* Operating cost of the location or area
* Availability and suitability of warehouses
* Availability of manpower or labour
* Proximity to suppliers and customers
* Access to transport infrastructure (domestic and international)
* The political and security environment of the location
LO 1, AC 1.1
NEW QUESTION 33
The optimum balance in the standard ISO 18602:2013 (Packaging and the environment - Optimi-zation of the packaging system) considers which of the following factors?
1. Environmental impact of losses due to lack of packaging
2. The process for packaging design, including material selection
3. Procedures and requirements for packaging that are suitable for organic recycling
4. Environmental impact of excess packaging
- A. 1 and 4 only
- B. 2 and 3 only
- C. 1 and 3 only
- D. 2 and 4 only
ISO 18602:2013 is about Packaging and the environment - Optimization of the packaging system. ISO 18602:2013 specifies requirements and a procedure for assessment of packaging to ensure that the weight or volume of its material content is optimized consistent with the functions of packaging. This is one of several options for reducing the impact of packaging on the environment.
It also provides methodologies and procedures for
- determining the amount and minimization of substances or mixtures hazardous to the environ-ment, and
- determining the amount of four heavy metals (lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium) in packaging.
The optimum balance in this standard weighs the environmental impact of losses that may happen with no packaging or inadequate packaging against the environmental impact from excess packag-ing.
The process for packaging design, including material selection, is not part of ISO 18602:2013.
The procedure for applying ISO 18602:2013 is contained in ISO 18601.
LO 1, AC 1.3
NEW QUESTION 34
Which of the following is a forecasting technique?
- A. Moving average
- B. LIFO
- C. Time-weighted series
- D. ABC analysis
Last in, first out (LIFO) is a method used to account for inventory that records the most recently produced items as sold first. Under LIFO, the cost of the most recent products purchased (or pro-duced) are the first to be expensed as cost of goods sold (COGS)-which means the lower cost of older products will be reported as inventory.
Moving average: a calculation to analyse data by creating series of averages of different subset of full data set. It is commonly used with time series data to smooth out short-term fluctuation and highlight long-term trends or cycle ABC analysis is a method of analysis that divides the subject up into three categories: A, B and C.
There is no technique called time-weighted series.
LO 2, AC 2.3
NEW QUESTION 35
Resevoir Inc runs several oil refineries across the country. These refineries require heavy invest-ment, particularly in maintenance, repair and operating (MRO) inventory. But the inventory turno-ver rate of these MRO items are low, while some items have expired date, which increases the risks of obsolescence. Which of the following methods can address the issues of these MRO items?
- A. Forrester effect
- B. Just in case
- C. Vendor-owned stock
- D. Larger safety stock
Where stock turn (inventory turnover) is low and there are potential risks of redundancy or obsolescence, the buying organisation may adopt vendor owned stock. In this system, a supplier (vendor) maintains a stock of items ready to be used at the point of customer consumption. The supplier owns the stock until it is used by the purchaser; only then is the purchaser invoiced for it.
Just in case and larger safety stock would significantly increase the stock level, which may cause redundancy or obsolescence.
Forrester effect (or Bullwhip effect) is a distribution channel phenomenon in which forecasts yield supply chain inefficiencies. It refers to increasing swings in inventory in response to shifts in customer demand as one moves further up the supply chain.
LO 2, AC 2.2
NEW QUESTION 36
MRP software is a powerful tool for managing material requirements of manufacturing processes. To keep the software function well, an organisation must have appropriate input dat a. Which of the following are the inputs of MRP software? Select THREE that apply.
- A. Facilities management
- B. Master production schedule
- C. Bill of materials
- D. Inventory records
- E. Capacity requirement plan
- F. Payrolls information
A powerful benefit of MRP system is the capacity to produce exception reports, which show deviations from normal planning and performance. These enable anomalies to be investigated with a view to improve future forecasting.
Material requirement planning is an electronic system for combining the following:
- Known demand
- Forecast demand. Known demand and forecasted demand are shown in master production schedule.
- Bill of materials for the final product
- Inventory records
LO 2, AC 2.3
NEW QUESTION 37